1825 Wedding of the Waters: The Erie Canal and the Making of a Great Nation
Key Player : Gov. DeWitt Clinton The building of the Erie Canal, like the construction of the Brooklyn Bridge and the Panama Canal, embodies one of the greatest and most riveting stories of American ingenuity
The Pacific Railroad Act of 1862 Key Player: Theodore Judah
” An Act to aid in the construction of a railroad and telegraph line from the Missouri river to the Pacific ocean, and to secure to the government the use of the same for postal, military, and other purposes.”
1914 Building of the Panama Canal Key Player: Alfred Thayer Mahan
“A continent divided, a world united” The United States now has a two sea navy. Mahan vision of a stronger navy to protect American interests and commerce comes just in time for the start of World War.
Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956, Key Player: President Dwight D. Eisenhower
Popularly known as the National Interstate and Defense Highways Act massive interstate highway building (41, 000 miles) contributes to suburbanization.
The power of 50
Before the Cotton Gin
It takes 1 day to clean a 1 pound of cotton; The south relies on slaves to pick and process cotton on huge plantations. Eli Whitney invents the Cotton Gin in 1793
Mass production of clean cotton using a machine (Cotton Gin) transforms America and the world. The Cotton Gin MAKES SLAVERY PAY!!!!!
After the Cotton Gin
1 man can now process 50 pounds of cotton in a day.
By 1830 America produces 50% of the world’s cotton, by 1850 America produces 75% of the world’s cotton.
Each slave becomes 50 times more valuable
Southern states want to expand West and bring slavery with them. This leads to the Compromise of 1850
Additional U.S. History Resources
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In his farewell address Washington warned against evils of political parties and the danger of permanent foreign alliances (like treaty with France).
Stay Away from Foreign Entanglements. The “$” in this mnemonic is a dollar sign because Washington encouraged commercial ties to build the economy.
Isolationism became dominant U.S. foreign policy for next 100 years. We departed for this advice…
1898 – The Spanish American and War
1917 – Attempted isolation during World War I. The Senate rejected the Treaty of Versailles and the U.S. did not join the League of Nations/
1945 – At the conclusion of World War II the United States joined the United Nations (1945) ending the
America’s First Constitution – “A Rope of Sand”
The Articles of Confederation, reflecting republican fears of both centralized power and excessive popular influence, leads to conflicts among the states that threaten the existence of the young nation.
No executive leadership
No national court system
One State, One Vote
No power to TAX
Northwest Ordinance (1787)
Shays’ Rebellion (1787)
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