Impact of the Cotton Gin

The power of 50

Before the Cotton Gin
It takes 1 day to clean a 1 pound of cotton; The south relies on slaves to pick and process cotton on huge plantations.  Eli Whitney invents the Cotton Gin in 1793

Mass production of clean cotton using a machine (Cotton Gin) transforms America and the world. The Cotton Gin MAKES SLAVERY PAY!!!!!

After the Cotton Gin

1 man can now process 50 pounds of cotton in a day.

By 1830 America produces 50% of the world’s cotton, by 1850 America produces 75% of the world’s cotton.

Each slave becomes 50 times more valuable

Southern states want to expand West and bring slavery with them.  This leads to the Compromise of 1850

 

 

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Nativism in 3D

Know Nothing

Antebellum Immigration “Nativism in 3D”
Distrust, Discrimination and Destruction

Were the Irish and German immigrants welcomed in Antebellum America?  (Not really and not always).

Anti-Irish sentiment may refer to or include racism, oppression, bigotry, persecution, discrimination, hatred or fear of Irish people as an ethnic group or nation, whether directed against Ireland in general or against Irish emigrants and their descendants in the Irish diaspora.

An Anti-Immigrant movement develops. What began as the secret society – “Order of the Star Spangled Banner,” evolves into a political party  – The American Party (AKA the Know – Nothing Party)

Distrust – Immigration causes anxiety and social disorder – All immigrants did was drink and steal.

Discrimination – The issue of anti-Irish job discrimination in the United States. Some insist that the “No Irish need apply” signs were common.

Destruction – In Louisville, Kentucky, election-day rioters killed at least 22 people in attacks on German and Irish Catholics on Aug. 6, 1855, in what became known as “Bloody Monday.” In Philadelphia in 1844, for example, a series of nativist assaults on Catholic churches and community centers resulted in the loss of lives and the professionalization of the police force.